How to Do a Breast self-examination (BSE)

October 20 2023

Breast self-examination (BSE) might sound a bit intimidating, but in reality, it's a simple yet powerful way to take control of your breast health. By getting to know your breasts and regularly checking for any changes, you can be proactive in maintaining your well-being. In this easy-to-follow guide, we'll walk you through the process of performing a breast self-examination with confidence and without stress.


Why You Should Do a Breast Self-Exam


Breast self-exams are like a superhero's cape in your arsenal for fighting breast issues. By checking your breasts regularly, you can spot any unusual changes, lumps, or oddities early on. Catching these early can make a huge difference in successful treatment and recovery.


When to Perform a Breast Self-Exam


Remember, you don't need a Ph.D. in breast health to do this. Just set aside a few minutes once a month, preferably a few days after your period ends. Postmenopausal? No problem – pick a specific day each month to make it a routine. If you notice any changes any time during the month, don't wait – seek medical advice.


How to Do a Breast Self-Exam


Get Cozy

Find a comfortable, well-lit spot, like your bathroom. You'll need a mirror, a towel or pillow, and some lotion or oil for easy gliding.


Start with a Look

Stand in front of the mirror and give your breasts a friendly once-over. Look for size changes, shape differences, or any unusual contours. Check for dimpling, puckering, or any visible surprises. Don't forget to raise your arms and press your hands on your hips to ensure nothing's hiding.


Front-and-Center Check

Now, let's dive in. The breast self-exam has two acts: one lying down and one standing up. First, the lying-down part:


  1. Find a comfy spot to lie down, like your bed. Put a pillow or towel under your right shoulder to make it easier to examine your right breast.


  1. Using your left hand (and some lotion), keep your fingers flat and close together. Start at the edge of your breast and make small, gentle circles. Gradually work your way towards the nipple, applying light pressure.


  1. Cover the whole breast, including the upper and lower parts and the armpit. Keep an eye out for lumps, bumps, or anything unusual. Repeat on the other breast.


Time to Stand

Now, it's time to get up and check your breasts while standing:


  1. Stand up and raise your right arm. With your left hand, repeat the circular motion examination, making sure you cover the whole breast area.


  1. Be systematic and thorough, so you don't miss anything.


  1. Repeat the process for the left breast, this time using your right hand.


Don't Forget the Nipples

Lastly, check your nipples for any changes. Look for discharge, inversion, scaling, or other surprises.


What to Look For

During your breast self-exam, keep an eye out for these changes or surprises:


  • New lumps or knots in the breast or under your arm.
  • Changes in breast size, shape, or how it feels.
  • Skin changes like dimpling, redness, or puckering.
  • Nipple changes, such as inversion, discharge, or scaling.
  • Any persistent discomfort or pain in your breast that doesn't go away.


Performing a breast self-examination is like giving your breasts a little TLC. It's not complicated, and it's not scary. Regular self-exams can help you spot potential issues early, which is a big win for your health. Just remember to include this in your overall breast health routine alongside clinical exams and mammograms. If you ever notice any changes or oddities, don't hesitate – consult a healthcare professional. Your breast health is important, and a stress-free self-exam is your first line of defense. So, take a few minutes each month to look after your well-being. You've got this!